Our findings additionally indicate that role models such as for example Ellen DeGeneres are very important impactsNguyễn Thị Trang
On GLB identification. Certainly, both studies advised that Ellen DeGeneres is probably one of the most influential role that is lesbian into the news. This information presents a comparison with a criticisms that Ellen DeGeneres’s being released had not been adequately governmental and did little to subvert norms that are traditional representing GLB figures within the news (see Dow, 2001, and Hubert, 1999, for talks). In reality, Ellen ended up being spontaneously mentioned by many people individuals in both studies, demonstrably designating her as an influential figure in the GLB community. One participant in research 1 described her as bdsm porn “a part model and good instance but additionally a creative individual, ” and another participant said I am gay and it is okay. That she“gave the energy to express” possibly one of the reasons Ellen had been therefore influential is basically because her show was among the first to freely explore the problems and problems surrounding being released ( Ryan & Boxer, 1998 ). Both on television and in the media at large (see Gross, 2001, and Tracy, 2000) in addition, she and her popular television character both came out simultaneously, increasing GLB visibility. Although her choice ended up being mainly personal, it became an extremely influential moment that is political Western tradition. As Ryan and Boxer noted, her show inspired many GLB people to find treatment because of their being released problems, and many more adopted Ellen’s instance and arrived on the scene with their family and friends.
The importance that is apparent of role models such as for example Ellen shows that the accessibility to positive GLB part models into the news should escalation in purchase to higher meet with the requirements of GLB people.
Consistent with this particular idea, Bringaze and White’s (2001 ) findings that successful lesbian leaders thought that positive part models aided them inside their coming-out procedure signifies that having good role models may enhance GLB individuals’ potential to produce a completely recognized identification and also to be leaders within their community. Because the research that is present, featuring good depictions of GLB people into the news may enhance GLB people’ feeling of self-worth and could finally encourage them to be effective leaders.
Another prospective advantageous asset of increasing role that is positive within the news is it might probably additionally relieve a number of the mental problems that lots of GLB people experience, such as for example insecurity ( Frable, Wortman, & Joseph, 1997 ). Because of the significant number of proof suggesting that good role models enhance individuals’ self-esteem ( Cheung & Yue, 2003; Ochman, 1996; Wohlford et al., 2004 ), it appears plausible that increasing the representation of positive GLB media figures could also increase GLB individuals’ self-esteem. Nonetheless, the media is obviously perhaps maybe not the single reason for the emotional problems of GLB people. As Frable et al. (1997 ) demonstrated, homosexual guys with a higher level of stigmatization from their loved ones are apt to have self-esteem that is low that will be expected to also be real for lesbian and bisexual individuals. Hence, societal prejudice against GLB people has to additionally be considerably reduced so that you can enable GLB people a higher possibility to attain healthier functioning. Considering findings that contact with negative portrayals of GLB individuals could cause heterosexuals to espouse reasonably enduring negative attitudes toward this team whereas experience of good portrayals of GLB individuals could cause heterosexuals to espouse more positive attitudes toward this team ( Levina, Waldo, & Fitzgerald, 2000; Schiappa, Gregg, & Hewes, 2005 ), maybe it’s argued that increasing the good representation of GLB news figures could be an essential initial step toward reducing societal prejudice contrary to the GLB community.
To summarize, the research presented right here had been a number of the very first to utilize both quantitative and qualitative methods to explore the connection between your media and GLB identity. Learn 1 unveiled a number of the ways that are different which GLB women and men make use of the news to contour their identities, especially during crucial procedures such as for instance realizing their GLB identity and being released to others. Research 1 additionally examined GLB individuals’ criticisms and desires in regards to the news’s representation associated with the GLB populace, plus the good facets of the media, including being able to provide GLB role models. Making use of a qualitative approach, learn 2 explored the findings from research 1 much more depth and illuminated a few of the ways that news role models influence the understanding, development, and phrase of GLB identification. As formerly talked about, both scholarly studies offer guidance for the news with regards to changing its portrayal associated with GLB populace to become more representative and less stereotyped and damaging. These modifications may lead the media further far from the “sissy” and “dyke” archetypes toward brand new archetypes resembling good part models such as for instance Ellen DeGeneres and will be an essential step up reducing societal prejudice and discrimination toward this band of individuals.
The authors wish to thank Dr. Sandi Nenga, Dr. Jacqueline Muir-Broaddus, Abigail Riggs, Ryan Giuliano, Jason Dolloff, and Travis Norton due to their efforts towards the article.